Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a way of talking about how you think about yourself, the world and other people and how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings.
CBT can help you to change how you think (Cognitive thoughts) and what you do (Behaviours); and these changes can help you to feel better. Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT focuses on the ‘here and now’ problems and difficulties. Instead of focusing on the causes of your distress or symptoms in the past, it looks for ways to improve your state of mind now.
A good CBT therapist will use a variety of techniques. Sometimes it is necessary to talk about things that have happened in the past. However, where CBT differs from other ‘talking’ therapy or counselling, is that the past is not repeated over and over unnecessarily; more it is used to help the therapist understand underlying problems and to help direct therapy in a more constructive way in the here and now.
CBT has been found to be helpful in treating:
- Anorexia Nervosa.
- Building self esteem.
- Panic Attacks.
- Agoraphobia and other phobias.
- Social phobia.
- Obsessive compulsive disorder.
- Post traumatic stress disorder.